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Table 5 Demographic, Clinical and laboratory data in all patients, in patients with and without perforation

From: Influence of age on clinical presentation, diagnosis delay and outcome in pre-school children with acute appendicitis

 All (N = 29)Perforated (N = 11)Non-Perforated (N = 18)P
Demographic data
Age (months)50 (25.5)35 (16)58 (22,2)0.002
Gender   0.33
 Male (n)1468 
 Female (n)15510
Weight (kg)16 (5.25)15 (2.51)18.8 (8,5)0.002
BMI (kg/m2)15.4 (4.1)14.5 (2.6)16.1 (4.55)0.025
Pre-admission symptoms
 Overall duration of symptoms (h)48 (72)72 (52)32 (53)0.14
 Duration of abdominal pain (h)36 (84)55 (96)24 (51,5)0.069
 Duration of nausea-vomiting (h)31 (66)72 (90)24 (32,5)0.33
 Duration of fever (h)48 (54)67 (96)36 (51)0.44
Clinical data
 Temperature at admission (°C)37.5 (1.8)37.8 (1.2)36,8 (3,4)0.31
 Heart rate at admission (bpm)130 (42)153 (25)118,5 (41)0.008
 Maximal temperature (°C)38.8 (1)38.6 (1.0)118,5 (41)0.008
Laboratory data at admission
 Leukocyte count (×109/L)17.2 (9.08)17.24 (11.93)17.1 (8.74)0.52
 Neutrophil count (×109/L)12.9 (7.27)12.14 (7.34)14.0 (7.65)0.08
 CRP (mg%)121.9 (145.2)134 (55.4)61 (184.6)0.41
Scores
 PAS score (/10)5 (2.5)5 (2)4.5 (4)0.051
 Alvarado (/10)5 (3.5)5 (3)4.5 (4.2)0.37
Duration of hospital stay (d)6 (4)7 (4)3.5 (3.75)0.018
  1. Data are shown by the median value and (interquartile range)