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Behavior and development

Section edited by Paramala Santosh

This section considers studies of behavioral and developmental disorders in children and adolescents.

Page 1 of 6

  1. Children with severe congenital heart disease (CHD) are a group of children at risk for neurodevelopmental impairments. Motor development is the first domain to show a delay during the first year of life and m...

    Authors: Elena Mitteregger, Martina Wehrli, Manuela Theiler, Jana Logoteta, Irina Nast, Brigitte Seliner and Beatrice Latal

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:430

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Dexamethasone, a highly effective drug in treating pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), can induce serious neurobehavioral side effects. These side effects are experienced by patients and parents as d...

    Authors: A. M. van Hulst, E. J. Verwaaijen, M. F. Fiocco, S. M. F. Pluijm, M. A. Grootenhuis, R. Pieters, E. L. T. van den Akker and M. M. van den Heuvel-Eibrink

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:427

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. Relatively little is known about protective factors and the emergence and maintenance of positive outcomes in the field of adolescents with chronic conditions. Therefore, the primary aim of the study is to acq...

    Authors: Petra Warschburger, Ann-Christin Petersen, Roman E. von Rezori, Friederike Buchallik, Harald Baumeister, Reinhard W. Holl, Kirsten Minden, Annabel S. Müller-Stierlin, Christina Reinauer and Doris Staab

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:404

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. Very preterm children generally perform poorly in executive functions and particularly in working memory. Adaptive training tasks encouraging these children to work continuously on their personal working memor...

    Authors: Catherine Gire, Any Beltran Anzola, Monique Kaminski, Karine Baumstarck, Pierre-Yves Ancel and Julie Berbis

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:402

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. The association between a slower physical growth and poorer neurodevelopment has been established in infants born preterm or small for gestational age. However, this association is inconsistent in term-born in...

    Authors: Masafumi Sanefuji, Yuri Sonoda, Yoshiya Ito, Masanobu Ogawa, Vlad Tocan, Hirosuke Inoue, Masayuki Ochiai, Masayuki Shimono, Reiko Suga, Ayako Senju, Satoshi Honjo, Koichi Kusuhara and Shouichi Ohga

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:360

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a significant neurodevelopment disorder among children and adolescents, with 5 % prevalence. Bone fractures account for 25 % of accidents and injuries among a...

    Authors: Hoda Seens, Shirin Modarresi, Joy C MacDermid, David M Walton and Ruby Grewal

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:354

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Asthma is an important public health disease affecting children that may result in school absenteeism and hospitalization. This study aims to assess the validity, reliability, and diagnostic accuracy of the Tu...

    Authors: Mahmut Kilic, Ghaniya Ede and Tugba Uzuncakmak

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:348

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) and sleep disturbances have been reported in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The influence of vitamin A (VA) levels on sleep regulation and sleep disturbances in ASD ha...

    Authors: Jing Wen, Ting Yang, Jiang Zhu, Min Guo, Xi Lai, Ting Tang, Li Chen, Jie Chen, Ming Xue and Tingyu Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:299

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Children who are high priority candidates for early intervention need to be identified to reduce their risk for experiencing problems in development. Those exposed to multiple risk factors are more likely to e...

    Authors: Jan L. Wallander, Sarah Berry, Polly Atatoa Carr, Elizabeth R. Peterson, Karen E. Waldie, Emma Marks, Stephanie D’Souza and Susan M. B. Morton

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:285

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Working memory performance is associated with better academic achievements in children and adolescents, and it is positively related to CRF. However, what level of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) discriminates...

    Authors: Vinícius Muller Reis Weber, Daniel Zanardini Fernandes, Leonardo Alex Volpato, Maria Raquel de Oliveira Bueno, Marcelo Romanzini, Jose Castro-Piñero and Enio Ricardo Vaz Ronque

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:208

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The study aims to use the cross-lagged model and utilize data from the Born in Shenyang Cohort Study to characterize the bidirectional associations of the term-born infants’ neurodevelopment in five domains an...

    Authors: Xiaotong Wei, Jiajin Hu, Liu Yang, Ming Gao, Lin Li, Ning Ding, Yanan Ma and Deliang Wen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:203

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder, characterized by varying severity in attention deficit and hyperactivity. Studies have shown deficiencies in the serum level ...

    Authors: Mostafa Hemamy, Naseh Pahlavani, Alireza Amanollahi, Sheikh Mohammed Shriful Islam, Jenna McVicar, Gholamreza Askari and Mahsa Malekahmadi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:178

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:230

  13. The first 1000 days of life are a critical period when the foundations of child development and growth are established. Few studies in Latin America have examined the relationship of birth outcomes and neonata...

    Authors: Hermano A. L. Rocha, Christopher R. Sudfeld, Álvaro J. M. Leite, Márcia M. T. Machado, Sabrina G. M. O. Rocha, Jocileide S. Campos, Anamaria C. e Silva and Luciano L. Correia

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:163

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Low birthweight (LBW) infants are at higher risk of mortality and morbidity (growth, chronic disease and neurological problems) during their life. Due to the high incidence of (pre-) eclampsia in Haiti, LBW in...

    Authors: Marjorie Hilaire, Xanthi D. Andrianou, Annick Lenglet, Cono Ariti, Kessiane Charles, Sonja Buitenhuis, Daan Van Brusselen, Harriet Roggeveen, Elizabeth Ledger, Rodnie Selva Denat and Lindsay Bryson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:143

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Attention problems and decreased quality of life are frequently accompanied in Cerebral Palsy (CP), which can negatively affect rehabilitation of physical disability. However, the majority of affected children...

    Authors: Bomi Ahn, Yoo-Sook Joung, Jeong-Yi Kwon, Dong Ik Lee, Soohwan Oh, Byoung-Uk Kim, Jung Yoon Cha, Ji-Hae Kim, Ji Young Lee, Hye Yeon Shin and Yun Sik Seo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:135

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The Performance and Fitness (PERF-FIT) test battery for children is a recently developed, valid assessment tool for measuring motor skill-related physical fitness in 5 to 12-year-old children living in low-inc...

    Authors: Bouwien C. M. Smits-Engelsman, Eline Smit, Rosemary Xorlanyo Doe-Asinyo, Stella Elikplim Lawerteh, Wendy Aertssen, Gillian Ferguson and Dorothee L. Jelsma

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:119

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Difficulties related to eating are often reported in children born preterm. The objective of this study was to quantitatively synthesize available data on the prevalence of problematic feeding in children unde...

    Authors: Britt Frisk Pados, Rebecca R. Hill, Joy T. Yamasaki, Jonathan S. Litt and Christopher S. Lee

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:110

    Content type: Research article

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  18. We report data of a Belgian observational prospective cohort study regarding cognitive and behavioural development until the age of 36 months in relation to internal exposure to organochlorine pollutants [sum ...

    Authors: Griet Vermeir, Adrian Covaci, Nik Van Larebeke, Greet Schoeters, Vera Nelen, Gudrun Koppen and Mineke Viaene

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:99

    Content type: Research article

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  19. During the second and third year after birth the gut microbiota (GM) is subjected to important development. The polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) exposure could influence the GM in animal and early postnat...

    Authors: Wei Zhang, Zhongqing Sun, Qian Zhang, Zhitao Sun, Ya Su, Jiahui Song, Bingling Wang and Ruqin Gao

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:86

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Screen use is increasing rapidly among preschool children and excess screen use in these children has been associated with cognitive side effects and speech delay. We undertook this study to estimate the risk ...

    Authors: Jijo Joseph John, Reny Joseph, Alice David, Ann Bejoy, Kalyan Varghese George and Lisa George

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:73

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Preterm infants and infants with perinatal brain injury show a higher incidence of neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD). The Infant Motor Profile (IMP) is a clinical assessment which evaluates the complexity of ...

    Authors: Riccardo Rizzi, Valentina Menici, Maria Luce Cioni, Alessandra Cecchi, Veronica Barzacchi, Elena Beani, Matteo Giampietri, Giovanni Cioni and Giuseppina Sgandurra

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:68

    Content type: Research article

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  22. To explore the association between cesarean section (CS) and risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and evaluate the possible factors influencing this association.

    Authors: Ye Yang, Jingjing Lin, Xiaozi Lu, Guanglei Xun, Renrong Wu, Yamin Li, Jianjun Ou, Yidong Shen, Kun Xia and Jingping Zhao

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:62

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Positional head deformity (PHD) is defined as a change in the shape of an infant’s skull due to an external force. In certain cases, it can lead to cosmetic deformities or even neurological issues due to its i...

    Authors: Wang Yang, Bin Hu, Jianping Chen, Wenzhi Shen, Chengju Wang, Qin Chang, Wenzao Li, Fuxiang Qu, Qiuming Pan and Yuping Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:20

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Little is known about longitudinal patterns of adolescent health risk behavior initial engagement and persistence in low- and middle-income countries.

    Authors: Alysse J. Kowalski, O. Yaw Addo, Michael R. Kramer, Reynaldo Martorell, Shane A. Norris, Rachel N. Waford, Linda M. Richter and Aryeh D. Stein

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:31

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Adolescence is marked by a decline in physical activity, rapid physical growth and changes in body composition, which have been linked to body composition. Prospective data on these associations are rare, part...

    Authors: Lisa K. Micklesfield, Sara K. Hanson, Felipe Lobelo, Solveig A. Cunningham, Terryl J. Hartman, Shane A. Norris and Aryeh D. Stein

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:30

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Sleep and colic problems in infancy have been linked to adverse health outcome, but there is limited knowledge of the association between sleep and colic problems in infancy and subsequent development, emotion...

    Authors: Lisbeth Valla, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Randi Andenæs, Nina Misvær, Christine Olbjørn and Sølvi Helseth

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:23

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Results from previous studies suggest that bodily movements, spanning from gestures to whole-body movements, integrated into academic lessons may benefit academic learning. However, only few studies have inves...

    Authors: Anne Kær Gejl, Anne Sofie Bøgh Malling, Linn Damsgaard, Anne-Mette Veber-Nielsen and Jacob Wienecke

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:2

    Content type: Study protocol

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  28. Children’s literacy and mathematical competencies are a critical platform for their successful functioning as individuals in society. However, many children, in particular those with low socio-economic status ...

    Authors: Frank Niklas, Efsun Annac and Astrid Wirth

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:554

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. This study was conducted with the aim of developing a standard and valid questionnaire to evaluate the behavioral factors affecting musculoskeletal disorders among adolescent students based on the educational ...

    Authors: Mahin Nazari, Rokhsareh Beigi, Mahmood Salesi, Rosanna Cousins and Hamidreza Mokarami

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:551

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental impairment characterized by persistent deficits in social communication and interactions, and over half of children with ASD possess below average intellectual...

    Authors: Yen Na Yum, Way Kwok-Wai Lau, Kean Poon and Fuk Chuen Ho

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:545

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. Gestational weight gain has been associated with some adverse perinatal outcomes, but few studies have examined the association between gestational weight gain and offspring’s cognition and their conclusions a...

    Authors: Jose Alberto Martínez-Hortelano, Celia Álvarez-Bueno, Iván Cavero-Redondo, Ángel Herráiz-Adillo, Carlos Berlanga-Macías and Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:533

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder with heterogeneous communication and other comorbid manifestations. While previous studies have characterized speech deficits associated with ...

    Authors: Catherine M. Stein, Penelope Benchek, Gabrielle Miller, Noémi B. Hall, Dhanya Menon, Lisa Freebairn, Jessica Tag, Jennell Vick, H. Gerry Taylor, Barbara A. Lewis and Sudha K. Iyengar

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:519

    Content type: Research article

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  33. To develop and evaluate machine learning algorithms to ascertain attention-deficit/hyperactivity (ADHD) and learning disability (LD) using diagnostic codes in the medical record.

    Authors: Yu Shi, Phillip J. Schulte, Andrew C. Hanson, Michael J. Zaccariello, Danqing Hu, Sheri Crow, Randall P. Flick and David O. Warner

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:510

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) is a modular instrument, designed to integrate generic and disease specific measures, and includes both self- and proxy-reports. The aim of the study was to ass...

    Authors: Peter Sand, Anna Nilsson Kleiberg, Marizela Kljajić and Birgitta Lannering

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:497

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Training volume is associated with direct and indirect pathways of bone adaptations. In addition, training volume is a training variable associated with lean soft tissue (LST), which has been shown to be an im...

    Authors: Pedro Henrique Narciso, André Oliveira Werneck, Rafael Luiz-de-Marco, Yuri da Silva Ventura Faustino-da-Silva, Santiago Maillane-Vanegas, Ricardo Ribeiro Agostinete and Rômulo Araújo Fernandes

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:496

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological problems among children. The aim of this survey was to assess the knowledge and attitude among preschool staff in Shanghai regarding epilepsy.

    Authors: Liyan Qiu, Lixiao Shen, Junli Wang, Fang Ren, Mingyu Xu, Fan Jiang, Xiaoyang Sheng, Fei Li and Feng Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:477

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The implications of congenital Zika Virus (ZIKV) infections for pediatric neurodevelopment and behavior remain inadequately studied. The aim of this study is to investigate patterns of neurodevelopment and beh...

    Authors: Paula Fabiana Sobral da Silva, Sophie Helena Eickmann, Ricardo Arraes de Alencar Ximenes, Ulisses Ramos Montarroyos, Marilia de Carvalho Lima, Celina M. Turchi Martelli, Thalia Velho Barreto de Araújo, Elizabeth B. Brickley, Laura Cunha Rodrigues, Fabiana Cristina Lima da Silva Pastich Gonçalves, Maria Durce Costa Gomes Carvalho, Wayner Vieira de Souza and Demócrito de Barros Miranda-Filho

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:472

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Effects of zinc with and without iron co-supplementation on child development are uncertain therefore the aims of this systematic review were to explore whether supplementation with zinc alone and zinc with ir...

    Authors: Firoozeh Sajedi, Soheila Shahshahani, Hesam Ghiasvand, Zahra Mosallanezhad and Shiva Fatollahierad

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:451

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is becoming increasingly prevalent of late. Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) has a significant role in folate metabolism. Owing to the inconsistencies and inconclusive...

    Authors: Yan Li, Shuang Qiu, Jikang Shi, Yanbo Guo, Zhijun Li, Yi Cheng and Yawen Liu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:449

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Biting objects was a parafunctional oral habit among children with special care needs. Chewing or biting toothbrushes could expedite the process of toothbrush wear. However, few studies evaluated the deteriora...

    Authors: Ni Zhou, Hai Ming Wong and Colman McGrath

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:443

    Content type: Research article

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  41. In order for infants and toddlers to meet recommended movement guidelines, their caregivers need to encourage play daily. This study used a qualitative approach to understand how mothers perceive and promote p...

    Authors: Alessandra Prioreschi, Stephanie Victoria Wrottesley, Wiedaad Slemming, Emmanuel Cohen and Shane Anthony Norris

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:428

    Content type: Research article

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  42. To date, the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) stimulation test is still the gold standard for precocious puberty (PP) diagnosis. However, it has many disadvantages, including low sensitivity, high cost, a...

    Authors: Su Wu, Yan Yang, Yujiao Wang, Qianqi Liu, Ziyang Zhu and Wei Gu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:425

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Pediatric critical care is often accompanied by a variety of functional impairments. Preliminary evidence suggests children’s participation in home activities has a slow trajectory post-pediatric intensive car...

    Authors: Jessica M. Jarvis, Nora Fayed, Ericka L. Fink, Karen Choong and Mary A. Khetani

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:415

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Weight-related stigmatization is a widespread problem. Particularly the internalization of weight-related stereotypes and prejudices (weight bias internalization, WBI) is related to mental and physical health ...

    Authors: Michaela Silvia Gmeiner and Petra Warschburger

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:408

    Content type: Research article

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  45. The Internet may serve as a suitable environment for discriminated adolescents as they may consider the online space as the place where they have possibility to build social ties they are missing in their offl...

    Authors: Laura Bitto Urbanova, Jana Holubcikova, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Jitse P. van Dijk and Sijmen A. Reijneveld

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:402

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Gross motor development curves for children with Cerebral Palsy (CP), grouped by Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels, help health care professionals and parents to understand children’s m...

    Authors: Paula S. C. Chagas, Carolyne M. Drumond, Aline M. Toledo, Ana Carolina de Campos, Ana Cristina R. Camargos, Egmar Longo, Hércules R. Leite, Kênnea M. A. Ayupe, Rafaela S. Moreira, Rosane L. S. Morais, Robert J. Palisano and Peter Rosenbaum

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:393

    Content type: Study protocol

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  47. Skiing and snowboarding are popular activities among Canadian youth and these sports have evolved to include certain risk behaviours such as listening to music, using terrain parks, and video recording yoursel...

    Authors: Kelly Russell, Stephanie Arthur, Claude Goulet, Erin Selci and Barbara Morrongiello

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:389

    Content type: Research article

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  48. The increase in the number of Internet users has increased Internet dependence worldwide. In adolescents, this dependence may interfere with sleep, which is important for the development of psychophysiological...

    Authors: Mikiko Tokiya, Osamu Itani, Yuichiro Otsuka and Yoshitaka Kaneita

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:379

    Content type: Research article

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