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Nutrition, diet, physical health and endocrinology

Section edited by Lorenzo Iughetti

This section considers studies regarding physical activity, nutrition, diet, and endocrinology in children and adolescents.

Page 1 of 9

  1. We reported a patient with Testicular adrenal rest tumors(TARTs) caused by congenital adrenal hyperplasia(CAH). TARTs occur frequently in CAH population with 21-hydroxylase deficiency(21-OHD). There are few re...

    Authors: Lingyun Yu, Pengyu Chen, Wenbin Zhu, Junjie Sun and Shoulin Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:405

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) can range from simple steatosis to steatohepatitis with or without fibrosis. The predictors for liver fibrosis and the effect of nutritional intervention on hepatic fi...

    Authors: Hadar Moran-Lev, Shlomi Cohen, Muriel Webb, Anat Yerushalmy-Feler, Achiya Amir, Dana L. Gal and Ronit Lubetzky

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:385

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Modifiable lifestyle factors and body composition can affect the attainment of peak bone mass during childhood. This study performed a cross-sectional analysis of the determinants of bone health among pre-adol...

    Authors: Chung Yuan Chang, Kanimolli Arasu, Soon Yee Wong, Shu Hwa Ong, Wai Yew Yang, Megan Hueh Zan Chong, Meenal Mavinkurve, Erwin Jiayuan Khoo, Karuthan Chinna, Connie Marie Weaver and Winnie Siew Swee Chee

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:382

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Overweight, obesity, and associated comorbidities are a pressing global issue among children of all ages, particularly among low-income populations. Rapid weight gain (RWG) in the first 6 months of infancy con...

    Authors: Megan E. Petrov, Nana Jiao, Sarada S. Panchanathan, Elizabeth Reifsnider, Dean V. Coonrod, Li Liu, Rosa Krajmalnik-Brown, Haiwei Gu, Laurie A. Davidson, Robert S. Chapkin and Corrie M. Whisner

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:374

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. Stress hyperglycemia (SH) is considered a transient manifestation and routine diagnostic evaluation was thought to be unnecessary due to the lack of definite correlation with diabetes mellitus (DM). Although S...

    Authors: Wei-De Wang, Chun-Hao Chu, Chiung-Hsi Tien, Shuo-Yu Wang, Shih-Yao Liu and Chien-Ming Lin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:335

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Optimal protein level in hypoallergenic infant formulas is an area of ongoing investigation. The aim was to evaluate growth of healthy term infants who received extensively hydrolyzed (EH) or amino acid (AA)-b...

    Authors: Craig B. Adams, William H. Johnston, Harold Deulofeut, Joseph Leader, Robbie Rhodes, Michael Yeiser, Cheryl L. Harris, Jennifer L. Wampler, Rebecca J. Hill and Timothy Cooper

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:323

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Polycystic ovary syndrome is the most common endocrine disorder among adolescents and adults. Given the importance of healthy nutritional behaviors in management of this disease, the present study was conducte...

    Authors: Leila Hajivandi, Mahnaz Noroozi, Firoozeh Mostafavi and Maryam Ekramzadeh

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:316

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Rickets is not an unusual diagnosis for pediatricians even currently in developed countries. Children typically present with leg bowing, enlargement of wrists, rachitic rosary (swelling of costochondral juncti...

    Authors: Patricia Diaz Escagedo, Melissa Fiscaletti, Patricia Olivier, Chloé Hudon, Valancy Miranda, Marie-Claude Miron, Philippe M. Campeau and Nathalie Alos

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:248

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Childhood obesity represents a global public health crisis: the number of obese children and adolescents (aged 5–19 years) worldwide has risen tenfold in the past four decades. The vast majority of overweight ...

    Authors: C. Homs, P. Berruezo, G. Según, L. Estrada, J. de Bont, J. Riera-Romaní, E. Carrillo-Álvarez, H. Schröder, R. Milà and S. F. Gómez

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:246

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. The overwhelming majority of United Arab Emirates (UAE) school-aged children do not meet the 60 min per day recommendation of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Understanding the different school d...

    Authors: Rahma Ajja, Ludmilla F. Wikkeling-Scott, Keith Brazendale, Rafiq Hijazi and Abdishakur Abdulle

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:182

    Content type: Research article

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  11. To synthesise the qualitative evidence on parents’ experiences of caring for a child aged ≤8 years with type 1 diabetes to identify: the challenges they encounter; their views about support received; ways in w...

    Authors: B. Kimbell, J. Lawton, C. Boughton, R. Hovorka and D. Rankin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:160

    Content type: Research article

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  12. With the increasing number of children with obesity worldwide, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become the most common liver disease among children. It is necessary to recognize the risk factors of...

    Authors: Luting Peng, Su Wu, Nan Zhou, Shanliang Zhu, Qianqi Liu and Xiaonan Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:122

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The prevalence of monogenic diabetes is estimated to be 1.1–6.3% of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) in Europe. The overlapping clinical features of various forms of diabetes make differential diagnosis ch...

    Authors: Ja Hye Kim, Yena Lee, Yunha Choi, Gu-Hwan Kim, Han-Wook Yoo and Jin-Ho Choi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:108

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Posterior fossa brain tumors (PFBT) are the most common solid tumor in children. Recent increases in survival rates are encouraging; however, survivors may experience a plethora of disease- and treatment-relat...

    Authors: Brooke E. Kohler, Emmah Baque, Carolina X. Sandler, Denise S. K. Brookes, Caroline O. Terranova, Matthew Rixon, Tim Hassall and Stewart G. Trost

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:105

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. Strategies to prevent sudden cardiac death (SCD) among young athletes have become topical worldwide and unrecognized cardiac pathology has been identified as a leading cause. Black ethnicity has been reported ...

    Authors: Ogochukwu J. Sokunbi, Christy A. N. Okoromah, Ekanem N. Ekure, Olajide A. Olawale and Wuraola S. Eke

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:97

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Little is known about the progression of obesity from childhood to adolescence. This study aimed to longitudinally examine the obesity status in a cohort of children across their childhood and adolescence, and...

    Authors: Joanna Yuet-ling Tung, Frederick Ka-wing Ho, Keith Tsz-suen Tung, Rosa Sze-man Wong, Wilfred Hing-sang Wong, Bik-chu Chow and Patrick Ip

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:60

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Nutritional status is an important indicator for measuring quality of life in children. A region that is recovering from war will face many problems related to nutrition. Very few studies have addressed the nu...

    Authors: M. G. Sathiadas, Annieston Antonyraja, Arunath Viswalingam, Kasthuri Thangaraja and V. P. Wickramasinghe

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:43

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Osteogenesis imperfecta(OI) is a frequent bone fragility disorder in children. The purpose of this study was to assess the BMD and Vitamin D level in children with OI in southern Iran.

    Authors: Pooran Mohsenzade, Anis Amirhakimi, Naser Honar, Forough Saki, Gholam Hossein Ranjbar Omrani and Mohammadhosein Dabbaghmanesh

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:37

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Endocrine complications such as impaired growth, delayed puberty, and low bone mineral density (BMD) can be associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in children and adolescents. This study was performe...

    Authors: Hye-Young Jin, Jae-Sang Lim, Yena Lee, Yunha Choi, Seak-Hee Oh, Kyung-Mo Kim, Han-Wook Yoo and Jin-Ho Choi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:35

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Milk feeding type (exclusive breastfeeding [EBF], formula feeding or mixed feeding) and timing of complementary feeding (CF) have been associated with infant growth. However, studies evaluating their combined ...

    Authors: Outi Sirkka, Michel H. Hof, Tanja Vrijkotte, Marieke Abrahamse-Berkeveld, Jutka Halberstadt, Jacob C. Seidell and Margreet R. Olthof

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:34

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Telomeres play a crucial role in cellular survival and its length is a predictor for onset of chronic non-communicable diseases. Studies on association between telomeres and obesity in children have brought di...

    Authors: Xuanyi Liu, Xiaozhou Liu, Qiaoyu Shi, Xiuqin Fan and Kemin Qi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:24

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The prevalence of obesity and associated risk of chronic diseases are increasing among the paediatric population. The effectiveness of preventive measures and interventions are likely to improve when all facto...

    Authors: Kalaichelvi Thillan, Pulani Lanerolle, Tharanga Thoradeniya, Dulani Samaranayake, Rohana Chandrajith and Pujitha Wickramasinghe

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:14

    Content type: Research article

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  23. In Ethiopia, child undernutrition and anemia are major public health concerns, resulting in increased childhood morbidity and mortality. Despite progress made to reduce the prevalence of malnutrition (especial...

    Authors: Nigatu Regassa Geda, Cindy Xin Feng, Carol J. Henry, Rein Lepnurm, Bonnie Janzen and Susan J. Whiting

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:11

    Content type: Research article

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  24. An increasing number of children with complex health needs are being educated in mainstream classes. CFS/ME is a complex and disabling condition, and there is little guidance on how primary school teachers can...

    Authors: Amberly Brigden, Alison Shaw and Esther Crawley

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:6

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Malnutrition continues to be a major cause of mortality and morbidity among children in resource limited settings. Children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) experience severe thymus atrophy, possibly refle...

    Authors: Nicolette Nabukeera-Barungi, Betty Lanyero, Benedikte Grenov, Henrik Friis, Hanifa Namusoke, Ezekiel Mupere, Kim F. Michaelsen, Christian Mølgaard, Maria Wiese, Dennis S. Nielsen, Musemma K. Mohammed, Vibeke B. Christensen and Maren Rytter

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:1

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Previous research studies have demonstrated abnormalities in the metabolism of mothers of young children with autism.

    Authors: Kathryn Hollowood-Jones, James B. Adams, Devon M. Coleman, Sivapriya Ramamoorthy, Stepan Melnyk, S. Jill James, Bryan K. Woodruff, Elena L. Pollard, Christine L. Snozek, Uwe Kruger, Joshua Chuah and Juergen Hahn

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:557

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Previous studies have shown that changes in intestinal microfloras are associated with both gastrointestinal (GI) and non-GI tumors. It is not clear whether there is an association between GI microflora change...

    Authors: Xiaolin Gao, Ruixue Miao, Yiping Zhu, Chao Lin, Xue Yang, Ruizhen Jia, Kuang Linghan, Chaomin Wan and Jianjun Deng

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:290

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Primary hyperparathyroidism may present in a myriad of manners, varying from an incidental asymptomatic biochemical finding to gastrointestinal, psychiatric, renal, and bone manifestations. While hyperparathyr...

    Authors: O. Legault, M. Inman, N. Moolman, S. Wiebe, A. Poulin and M. A. Nour

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:547

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  29. Maternal iodine requirements increase during pregnancy to supply thyroid hormones essential for fetal brain development. Maternal iodine deficiency can lead to hypothyroxinemia, a reduced fetal supply of thyro...

    Authors: Kirsten Jade Cromie, Diane Erin Threapleton, Charles Jonathan Peter Snart, Elizabeth Taylor, Dan Mason, Barry Wright, Brian Kelly, Stephen Reid, Rafaq Azad, Claire Keeble, Amanda H. Waterman, Sarah Meadows, Amanda McKillion, Nisreen A. Alwan, Janet Elizabeth Cade, Nigel A. B. Simpson…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:544

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The initialization of the neonatal gut microbiota (GM) is affected by diverse factors and is associated with infant development and health outcomes.

    Authors: Cheng Guo, Qian Zhou, Muxia Li, Letian Zhou, Lei Xu, Ying Zhang, Dongfang Li, Ye Wang, Wenkui Dai, Shuaicheng Li and Lin Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:532

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The aim of this paper was to investigate whether BMI and fat percentage classification criteria, would classify a sample of 7–13 year old boys from a rural background in similar nutritional categories.

    Authors: Maya van Gent, Anita Pienaar and Habib Noorbhai

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:527

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Attaining the recommended level of complementary feeding practices remains a serious challenge in many developing countries. Complementary foods are usually untimely initiated, which has adverse consequences o...

    Authors: Chalachew Abiyu and Tefera Belachew

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:509

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Rapid weight gain (RWG) during infancy increases the risk of excess weight later in life. Nutrition- and feeding practices associated with RWG need to be further examined. The present study aimed to examine nu...

    Authors: Annelie Lindholm, Stefan Bergman, Bernt Alm, Ann Bremander, Jovanna Dahlgren, Josefine Roswall, Carin Staland-Nyman and Gerd Almquist-Tangen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:507

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Girls who experience early-life familial stress may have heightened risk of early puberty, which has adverse implications for adolescent and adult health. We assessed the association between household intactne...

    Authors: Sara Aghaee, Julianna Deardorff, Louise C. Greenspan, Charles P. Quesenberry Jr., Lawrence H. Kushi and Ai Kubo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:464

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Skeletal age (SA) is considered the best method of assessing biological maturation. The aim of this study was to determine intra-observer (reproducibility) and inter-observer agreement of SA values obtained vi...

    Authors: Yuri V. Faustino-da-Silva, Diogo V. Martinho, Manuel J. Coelho-e-Silva, João Valente-dos-Santos, Jorge Conde, Tomás G. Oliveira, Enio R. V. Ronque, Ricardo R. Agostinete, Rômulo A. Fernandes and Lauren B. Sherar

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:494

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Although gout is rare in children, chronic sustained hyperuricemia can lead to monosodium urate deposits progressing to gout, just as in adults. This study assessed prevalence and characteristics of gout and a...

    Authors: Shuichi Ito, Tomoko Torii, Akihiro Nakajima, Takeshi Iijima, Hiroshi Murano, Hideki Horiuchi, Hisashi Yamanaka and Masataka Honda

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:481

    Content type: Research article

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  37. There is growing concern as regards the emergence of metabolic disorders among children living with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) worldwide. However, there is paucity of data on the correlates of meta...

    Authors: Ijeoma Onyinye Ohuche, Ugo Nnenna Chikani, Elizabeth Eberechi Oyenusi, Justus Uchenna Onu and Abiola Oduwole

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:458

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Childhood obesity represents a serious global health crisis. Apelin and its receptor system are widely distributed throughout the central nervous system and have been demonstrated to serve a role modulating fe...

    Authors: Kanjana Suriyaprom, Banchamaphon Pheungruang, Rungsunn Tungtrongchitr and Orn-uma Y. Sroijit

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:455

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Body mass index (BMI) and skeletal age (SA) are important indicators of individual growth and maturation. Although the results have not been unified, most studies indicated that accelerated skeletal maturation...

    Authors: Dandan Ke, Dajiang Lu, Guang Cai, Jing Zhang, Xiaofei Wang and Koya Suzuki

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:452

    Content type: Research article

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  40. In order to achieve improved weight status, behavioral pediatric obesity treatment is resource intensive. Mobile Health (mHealth) is more accessible than standard care but effective approaches are scarce. Ther...

    Authors: Linnea Johansson, Emilia Hagman and Pernilla Danielsson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:447

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The aim of this study was to investigate the differences in objectively measured physical activity and in self-reported physical activity between overweight and normal-weight children.

    Authors: Janneke van Leeuwen, Bart W. Koes, Winifred D. Paulis, Patrick J. E. Bindels and Marienke van Middelkoop

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:431

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Micronutrient deficiencies are identified among obese individuals. Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) is prevalent in obese children, and is hypothesized to cause insulin resistance and metabolic abnormalities. This s...

    Authors: D. B. D. L. Samaranayake, S. G. S. Adikaram, N. Atapattu, K. M. D. L. D. Kendaragama, J. T. N. Senevirathne, H. D. Jayasekera and V. P. Wickramasinghe

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:426

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The presence of low or hypo glycaemia in children upon admission to hospital in low income countries is a marker for poor outcome. Fasting during illness may contribute to low blood glucose and caretakers’ fee...

    Authors: Fatsani Ngwalangwa, Chawanangwa Mahebere Chirambo, Cecilia Lindsjö, Queen Dube, Josephine Langton, Tim Baker and Helena Hildenwall

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:423

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Ugandan children are fed homemade complementary foods (CFs) which are usually deficient in vitamin A, iron and zinc. Novel homemade CFs rich in vitamin A, iron and zinc need to be developed, and assessed for t...

    Authors: Edward Buzigi, Kirthee Pillay and Muthulisi Siwela

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:412

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Malnutrition remains to be a major public health problem in developing countries, particularly among children under-5 years of age children who are more vulnerable to both macro and micro-nutrient deficiencies...

    Authors: Shimels Hussien Mohammed, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold, Amanuel Godana Arero and Ahmad Esmaillzadeh

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:404

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Parents may struggle to initiate healthy weight-related conversations with their children. Educational videos may be an effective tool for improving parents’ knowledge and self-efficacy on this topic. The aim ...

    Authors: Kody A. Klupt, Stephan M. Oreskovich, Julie Bernard-Genest, Barkha P. Patel, Lisa Chu, Elizabeth Dettmer, Catharine M. Walsh, Michele Strom, Amy C. McPherson, Jonah Strub, Alissa Steinberg, Cathleen Steinegger and Jill K. Hamilton

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:397

    Content type: Research article

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